Case 3635 Antheraea roylei Moore, 1859 (Insecta, Lepidoptera, SATURNIIDAE): proposed conservation

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2013
Authors:Peigler, RS, Chutia, BCh.
Journal:Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature
Volume:70
Issue:4
Start Page:221
Pagination:221-228
Date Published:12/2013
Type of Article:Case
Keywords:Antheraea pernyi, Antheraea roylei, Chinese oak silkmoth, Himalayan oak silkmoth, Nomenclature, oak tasar silk, taxonomy, tussah silkmoth
Abstract:

The purpose of this application, under Article 81.1 of the Code, is to
conserve the name Antheraea roylei Moore, 1859 believed to be the progenitor of
Bombyx (Saturnia) pernyi Guérin-Méneville, 1855 (currently Antheraea pernyi).
Tussah silk is second only to mulberry silk (from Bombyx mori) in world production
and consumption. Recently compiled evidence indicates that the tussah silkmoth,
also called the Chinese oak silkmoth, Antheraea pernyi Guérin-Méneville, 1855, was
derived thousands of years ago in China from the Himalayan Antheraea roylei
Moore, 1859, which would place the latter in synonymy under the former, since the
two names refer to the same biological species. Although there are no significant and
consistent differences in wing pattern and genitalia, both names have had wide usage
for more than 150 years, and the two entities differ in their chromosome numbers and
cocoon structure. The name A. roylei has been applied by almost all authors to wild
collected material in India, Burma, Nepal, Thailand, etc., while the name A. pernyi
has been used by Chinese and Korean authors for sericultural populations and wild
collected specimens in southern China, although the wild collected material does not
differ from that of countries that share borders with southern China. The authors
propose that the name Antheraea roylei be conserved and added to the Official List
of Specific Names in Zoology.

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith