Case 3628 Terrapene putnami Hay, 1906 (Testudines, EMYDIDAE): replacement of the holotype by designation of a neotype

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2013
Authors:Ehret, DJ, Bourque, JR, Hulbert, Jr., RC
Journal:Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature
Volume:70
Issue:3
Start Page:193
Pagination:193-198
Date Published:09/2013
Type of Article:Case
Keywords:EMYDIDAE, giant box turtle, Nomenclature, North America, Pleistocene, Reptilia, taxonomy, Terrapene, Terrapene putnami, Testudines
Abstract:

The purpose of this application, under Article 75.5 of the Code, is to conserve the current usage of the name Terrapene putnami Hay, 1906. We propose replacement of the nondiagnostic holotype (a fragment of a left hypoplastron) that was collected from a temporally mixed locality, with a more complete specimen comprised of the carapace, plastron, and associated non-shell postcrania from a nearby locality of late Pleistocene age. The specific name T. putnami is widely accepted by both palaeontologists and herpetologists as either a valid specific or subspecific name and has been established in the literature for over fifty years. However, the taxonomy of large fossil Terrapene specimens is ambiguous due in part to the lack of a more diagnostic and well-dated holotype for T. putnami. Recent molecular analyses of extant Terrapene species coupled with recent palaeontological studies have made the true diagnosis of the taxon imperative. It is proposed that all type species fixations for Terrapene putnami be set aside and a firmly dated late Pleistocene neotype be designated.

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith