ORTHOCLADIINAE Kieffer, 1911 and Orthocladius van der Wulp, 1874 (Insecta, Diptera, CHIRONOMIDAE): proposed conservation of subfamilial name and fixation of type species

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2007
Authors:M. Spies
Journal:Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature
Start Page:45
Date Published:03/2007
Type of Article:Case
Keywords:CHIRONOMIDAE, Clunio, CLUNIONINAE, Eretmoptera, ERETMOPTERIDAE, Nomenclature, non-biting midges, ORTHOCLADIINAE, Orthocladius, Orthocladius oblidens, Psectrocladius sordidellus, taxonomy

The purpose of this application, under Articles 23.9.3 and 81.1 of the Code, respectively, is to conserve the usage of the name ORTHOCLADIINAE Kieffer, 1911 for a well known group of non-biting midges, and to conserve the usage of the name Orthocladius van der Wulp, 1874 by fixation of Chironomus oblidens Walker, 1856 as the type species. The universally accepted name ORTHOCLADIINAE Kieffer, 1911 is threatened by its senior synonyms ERETMOPTERIDAE Kellogg, 1900 and CLUNIONINAE Kieffer, 1906. The type species of Orthocladius van der Wulp, 1874 requires fixation by the Commission, because neither the designated nominal species, Chironomus sordidellus Zetterstedt, 1838 (currently Psectrocladius sordidellus), nor the species so misidentified by Kieffer (1906) in the type-species designation, nor any of the species originally included in the genus is presently assigned to Orthocladius. In accordance with long-standing, unanimous interpretation in the literature on CHIRONOMIDAE, it is proposed that Chironomus oblidens Walker, 1856 be fixed as the type species of Orthocladius.

Taxonomic Group(s): 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith