How should names be punctuated?

Apart from brackets there must be no other punctuation between the species name and the name of the original author (Article 51.2). Punctuation can be used here however to indicate a citation instead (Article 51.2.1).

  • For example: Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758 means the bee species Apis mellifera was first published by Linnaeus in a paper or book published in 1758, whereas, Apis mellifera : Michener, 2000 means the bee species Apis mellifera was later referred to by Michener (2000).
See also the following chapters of the Code for full details of: the number of words in the scientific names of animals (Chapter 2); formation and treatment of names (Chapter 7); and authorship (Chapter 11).
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith