Case 3518 Cornu Born, 1778 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata, HELICIDAE): request for a ruling on the availability of the generic name

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2011
Authors:Cowie, RH
Journal:Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature
Start Page:97
Date Published:06/2011
Type of Article:Case
Keywords:brown garden snail, Cantareus, Cornu, Cornu copiae, Cryptomphalus, Europe, Gastropoda, HELICIDAE, Helix, Helix aperta, Helix aspersa, introduced species, Mollusca, Nomenclature, Pulmonata, taxonomy

The purpose of this application, under Articles 78.2.3 and 80.2.1 of the
Code, is to suggest a possible interpretation of Article 1.3.2 in relation to the
availability of the generic name Cornu Born, 1778 for a genus of land snails (family
HELICIDAE). There has been longstanding confusion regarding the correct generic
combination for the well-known, common and widely introduced land snail originally
described as Helix aspersa Müller, 1774, that is, whether it should be placed in
Cornu Born, 1778, Cantareus Risso, 1826 or Cryptomphalus Charpentier, 1837. The
confusion has arisen primarily because of differing interpretations of Article 1.3.2 in
relation to the original proposal of the genus-group name Cornu Born, 1778 for the
species Cornu copiae Born, 1778, which was based on a teratological specimen of
Helix aspersa Müller, 1774. It is proposed that the wording of Article 1.3.2 be
interpreted to confirm the availability of Cornu Born, 1778.

Taxonomic Group(s): 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith